How to upload image using PHP?

Uploading images can be broken down into the three following steps.
  • An HTML form with a browse button to allow the client to choose which file to upload
  • A script to process the upload, validate the file, name it and place it in the file system
  • Lastly, a page to advise the client the upload was a success
Also, we are providing the solution to another most frequently asked question reviewing image before uploading into the folder by javascript.

HTML Code:

        <link rel="stylesheet" href="">
        <script src=""></script>
                position: absolute;
                width: 500px;
                height: 400px;
                top: 30%;
                left: 50%;
                margin: -100px 0 0 -150px;
                background: #80808061;
                color: white;
                width: 500px;
                margin-left: -15px;
                height: 40px;
                background: #464646;
                border-top-left-radius: 5px;
                border-top-right-radius: 5px;

        <div class="container">
            <div class="container-header">
                Select image to upload
            <form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" id="form1" runat="server">
                <div class="col-md-12">
                    <input type='file' id="imgInp" name="fileToUpload" accept="image/*" onchange="loadFile(event)" class="form-control"/>
                    <img id="output"/>
                <div class="col-md-12">
                    <input type="submit" value="Upload Image" name="submit" class="btn">
        var loadFile = function (event) {
            var reader = new FileReader();
            reader.onload = function () {
                var output = document.getElementById('output');
                output.src = reader.result;

PHP Code:

$directory = "uploads/";
$target_file = $directory . basename($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["name"]);
$uploadOk = 1;
$imageFileType = strtolower(pathinfo($target_file, PATHINFO_EXTENSION));

// Check if image file is a actual image or fake image using getimagesize function
if (isset($_POST["submit"])) {
    $check = getimagesize($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["tmp_name"]);
    if ($check !== false) {
        echo "File is an image - " . $check["mime"] . ".";
        $uploadOk = 1;
    } else {
        echo "File is not an image.";
        $uploadOk = 0;

// Check if file already exists by using file name
if (file_exists($target_file)) {
    echo "Sorry, file already exists.";
    $uploadOk = 0;

// Check file size
if ($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["size"] > 500000) {
    echo "Sorry, your file is too large.";
    $uploadOk = 0;

// Allow certain file formats
if ($imageFileType != "jpg" && $imageFileType != "png" && $imageFileType != "jpeg" && $imageFileType != "gif") {
    echo "Sorry, only JPG, JPEG, PNG & GIF files are allowed.";
    $uploadOk = 0;

// Check if $uploadOk is set to 0 by an error
if ($uploadOk == 0) {
    echo "Sorry, your file was not uploaded.";
// if everything is ok, try to upload file
} else {
    if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["tmp_name"], $target_file)) {
        echo "The file " . basename($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["name"]) . " has been uploaded.";
    } else {
        echo "Sorry, there was an error uploading your file.";
To access the file you uploaded, you need to store the path of the file in the database table which is very simple to do with basic knowledge.
$target_file is the path variable, you can store this variable value directly in the database by normal insertion query. 

Also, you need to create uploads folder in the root directory.


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